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What is Phonics?

Starting in Early Years, children are taught phonics; the journey of learning to read, write and spell. These vital skills, are the beginning of a lifelong literacy journey. 

Your child will recieve a daily session of phonics at 9:15am each day or 12:15pm depending on whether they are a morning or afternoon child.  To meet age related expectations it is expectated that children will be at the end of Phase 4 by the end of Reception. In Nursery we aim to get children just beginning Phase 2 when they leave Nursery. Of course some children are above this phase and others are working towards it in Phase 1. 

If you need any additional support, please feel free to email Mrs or Miss Chothia who will happily help in anyway possible.

Naadhirah.chothia@kirkleeseducation.uk or Rebecca.adams@kirkleeseducation.uk

Letters and Sounds

At Batley Parish we follow 'Letters and Sounds'. Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource programme which was published by the DfE (Department for Education) in 2007. It aims to help children build up their speaking and listening skills as well as preparing them to learn how to read. 

The systematic phonics programme  is divided into six phases. During the programme new skills are taught, continually building on previous learning.

The phases are numbered:

Phase 1, Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 4, Phase 5 and Phase 6. 

Phase 1

This is the beginning of the systematic learning of phonics and takes place predominately in Nursery. At Batley Parish Nursery the children are set by ability for their daily phonics sessions. 

Phase 1 is broken down into seven aspects. 

Aspect 1 - Environmental Sounds

Aspect 2 - Instrumental Sounds

Aspect 3 - Body Percussion

Aspect 4 - Rhythm and Rhyme

Aspect 5 - Alliteration

Aspect 6 - Voice Sounds

Aspect 7 - Oral Blending and Segmenting

Below you will find a video with information about Phase 1. We would normally do this as a parent workshop but unfortunately due to Covid we are unable to do this. Please let us know if you have any questions or need any clarity. 



Phase 1 Phonics Video.mp4

Some Examples of Phase 1 Activities

download (1)

Aspect 1 - We make listening ears for ourdoor listening walks!

download (2)

Aspect 2 - We use instruments to copy sounds, hide and find and guess the noise.


Aspect 3 - We sing songs with body actions!


Aspect 4 - We make 'silly rhyming soup'. 


Aspect 5 - We sort objects into hoops and baskets based on their initial sounds.

download (3)

Aspect 6 - We use voice cards to practise making our voice make different noises!

download (4)

Aspect 7 - We feed a robot segmented (sounded out) and blended (all of the sounds pushed together) pictures. For example, a picture of a cat, we would practise segmenting it c-a-t and also blend those sounds together to say the word cat. 

Additional Information

How to pronounce sounds link:



Phase 2

To learn about Phase 2, how it is taught and also ideas for home please visit the Reception, Parent Information page. Miss James has put lots of super information on here to tell you everything you need to know about Phase 2. 


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